Implicación de las Fusariotoxinas en la producción avícola. Revisión

Autores/as

  • Gabriela Guadalupe Gómez Verduzco Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia. Ciudad de México, México.
  • Ernesto Ávila González Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia. Ciudad de México, México.
  • Guillermo Téllez Isaías Universidad de Arkansas. Departamento de Ciencia Avícola. Arkansas, Estados Unidos de América.
  • Juan Carlos Del Río García Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Facultad de Estudios Superiores Cuautitlán. Carretera Cuautitlán-Teoloyucan Km. 2.5, San Sebastián Xhala, CP 54714 Cuautitlán Izcalli, Estado de México, México.
  • Jacqueline Uribe Rivera Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Facultad de Estudios Superiores Cuautitlán. Carretera Cuautitlán-Teoloyucan Km. 2.5, San Sebastián Xhala, CP 54714 Cuautitlán Izcalli, Estado de México, México.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22319/rmcp.v15i2.6090

Palabras clave:

Micotoxinas, fusariotoxinas, aves, hongos

Resumen

Las micotoxinas son metabolitos secundarios producidos por hongos de diversos géneros. Dentro de las micotoxinas más importantes se encuentran aquellas producidas por hongos del género Fusarium sp., el cual puede dividirse en varios grupos para su estudio que son el grupo de los tricotecenos (y toxina T-2), de las fumonisinas, principalmente fumonisina B1 (B1, B2, B3, B4, A1 Y A2) y de la zearalenona de efectos estrogénicos. Aunque las fusariotoxinas causan efectos similares debido a que comparten el mismo mecanismo de acción; mediante la alteración de síntesis de proteínas en las aves intoxicadas, es importante mencionar la incidencia, así como las características entre cada una de ellas. Es por esto que en cada apartado se describen las características de cada grupo mencionado.

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Publicado

23.04.2024

Cómo citar

Gómez Verduzco, G. G., Ávila González, E., Téllez Isaías, G., Del Río García, J. C., & Uribe Rivera, J. (2024). Implicación de las Fusariotoxinas en la producción avícola. Revisión. Revista Mexicana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 15(2), 425–445. https://doi.org/10.22319/rmcp.v15i2.6090
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