Prevalencia de Fasciola hepatica y Calicophoron spp. en vacunos de crianza extensiva del distrito Florida (Amazonas), Perú

Autores/as

  • Medali Cueva-Rodríguez Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza de Amazonas. Laboratorio de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Parasitarias de Animales Domésticos https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1301-5477
  • Teófilo Torrel Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Laboratorio de Parasitología Veterinaria y Enfermedades Parasitarias. Ciudad de Cajamarca, Perú.
  • Cristian Hobán Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Laboratorio de Inmunología. Ciudad de Cajamarca, Perú. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4932-3164
  • Wuesley Alvarez-García Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria. Dirección de Desarrollo Tecnológico Agrario. Estación Experimental Baños del Inca. Ciudad de Los Baños del Inca (Cajamarca), Perú. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9655-3149
  • Flor Mejia Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza de Amazonas. Instituto de Investigación de Ganadería y Biotecnología – IGBI. Ciudad de Chachapoyas (Amazonas), Perú. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1851-1285
  • Luis Vargas-Rocha Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Laboratorio de Parasitología Veterinaria y Enfermedades Parasitarias. Ciudad de Cajamarca, Perú. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8571-6416

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22319/rmcp.v15i2.6496

Palabras clave:

Prevalencia, coprología, crianza extensiva, trematodo hepático, trematodo ruminal

Resumen

El presente estudio determina la prevalencia de los huevos de Fasciola hepatica, Calicophoron spp. y la infección mixta en vacunos de crianza al pastoreo de seis poblados ganaderos del distrito de Florida, Amazonas (Perú). Mediante la técnica de sedimentación natural se examinaron 358 muestras fecales. La prevalencia de F. hepatica fue 69.83 % (IC 95% 65.08 – 74.59), seguido de Calicophoron spp. 60.34 % (IC 95% 55.27 – 65.40) y una prevalencia de infección mixta 41.62 % (IC95% 36.51 – 46.73). La presencia de huevos de F. hepatica no tuvo diferencias entre los poblados, las razas y el grupo etario (P>0.05). La presencia de Calicophoron spp. y la infección mixta con F. hepatica presentaron diferencias entre poblados y la raza (P<0.05), a diferencia del grupo etario que fueron similares estadísticamente (P>0.05). Se halló una alta prevalencia de huevos fecales de F. hepatica y Calicophoron spp., situación que podría estar dado por las condiciones ambientales que permiten el óptimo desarrollo del hospedador intermediario y del sistema de crianza al pastoreo de los vacunos.

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Publicado

23.04.2024

Cómo citar

Cueva-Rodríguez, M., Torrel, T., Hobán, C., Alvarez-García, W., Mejia, F., & Vargas-Rocha, L. (2024). Prevalencia de Fasciola hepatica y Calicophoron spp. en vacunos de crianza extensiva del distrito Florida (Amazonas), Perú. Revista Mexicana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 15(2), 376–392. https://doi.org/10.22319/rmcp.v15i2.6496
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