Lenteja de agua (Lemna minor): potencial alimentario y ambiental. Revisión

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22319/rmcp.v15i2.6107

Palabras clave:

Lenteja de agua, Lemna minor, Perfil Nutricional, Remediación Ambiental, Alimentación humana y animal

Resumen

Las lentejas de agua son plantas con flores de la familia Aráceas, comprenden las angiospermas más pequeñas del reino vegetal, una especie de algas acuáticas de distribución universal, se encuentran en la superficie de los cuerpos de agua dulce principalmente en charcos, ciénagas, lagos y ríos calmados. Recientemente, se han llevado a cabo diferentes investigaciones sobre su potencial y utilidad. Por su composición nutricional, aporte de proteína, alto contenido de fibra y bajo contenido de grasas y carbohidratos, resultaría ser un insumo adecuado para generar productos de alto valor nutricional, características que la hacen interesante frente a otras especies. Se emplea como complemento a dietas comerciales en una gran variedad animales como aves, rumiantes, no rumiantes, crustáceos y peces, reduciendo hasta un 50 % los costos por alimentación. Así mismo, usada en procesos de remediación de una amplia gama de contaminantes químicos con alta tasa de eliminación, pueden absorber algunas sustancias disueltas y brindar oxígeno mediante la fotosíntesis. Se ha indicado bajo costo de construcción, mantenimiento, fáciles de operar, poseen amplia tolerancia a condiciones de crecimiento, facilidad general de cosecha y no compiten con las tierras de cultivo. En el ámbito ambiental es importante encontrar materias primas alternativas e innovadoras, incluso sin la necesidad de utilizar medios de crecimiento o fertilizantes, sin embargo, su aceptación como fuente de alimento necesita investigaciones exhaustivas con respecto a su valor nutritivo, rendimiento a gran escala, suministro de mercado económico y análisis de componentes antinutritivos para la alimentación humana.

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Publicado

23.04.2024

Cómo citar

Jaimes Prada, O., Lora Diaz, O., & Tache Rocha, K. (2024). Lenteja de agua (Lemna minor): potencial alimentario y ambiental. Revisión. Revista Mexicana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 15(2), 404–424. https://doi.org/10.22319/rmcp.v15i2.6107
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