Resistencia antimicrobiana de Gallibacterium anatis aisladas de gallinas de postura comercial en Sonora, México

Reyna Fabiola Osuna Chávez, Ramón Miguel Molina Barrios, Javier Arturo Munguía Xóchihua, Juan Francisco Hernández Chávez, José Benito López León, Martín Acuña Yanes, Víctor Arturo Fernández Martínez, Jorge Robles Mascareño, Jesús Gabriel Adrián Icedo Escalante

Resumen


Se consiguieron identificar 23 aislamientos de Gallibacterium anatis, a través de pruebas convencionales de cultivo y bioquímicas, confirmándose su identificación a través del método de PCR. Se les efectuó la prueba de difusión en placa para determinar la resistencia antimicrobiana a los antibióticos más utilizados en el área avícola. Los aislamientos fueron más susceptibles a ceftiofur (73 %) y florfenicol (68 %); todos los aislamientos mostraron resistencia marcada a penicilina, tilosina, lincomicina, ampicilina, enrofloxacina, oxitetraciclina, norfloxacina y cefalexina. La presencia de Gallibacterium anatis se asocia a problemas respiratorios y reproductivos en las poblaciones de gallinas de postura comercial. Los aislamientos mostraron una resistencia marcada a distintos antibióticos, probablemente por la medicación desmedida ante la presencia de este microorganismo.


Palabras clave


Gallibacterium anatis; PCR; Resistencia; Susceptibilidad; Antimicrobianos.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22319/rmcp.v8i3.4506

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