Suplementación con plasma seminal y relación de sus componentes con la calidad de semen congelado-descongelado de asnos (Equus asinus)

Juan David Montoya Páez, Benjamín Alberto Rojano, Giovanni Restrepo Betancur

Resumen


El objetivo fue evaluar la suplementación con plasma seminal y la relación existente entre algunos de sus componentes, con la calidad del semen congelado-descongelado de asnos (Equus asinus). El semen de cinco asnos criollos colombianos se colectó por el método de la vagina artificial. A partir de una fracción de cada eyaculado se separó el plasma seminal por centrifugación y se evaluó su contenido de vitamina C (VC), vitamina E (VE), proteínas totales (PT) y perfil lipídico (PL). La criopreservación del semen se realizó por congelación convencional en un diluyente suplementado con 20 % de plasma seminal. Se evaluó la movilidad, la integridad estructural de membrana (IEM), la morfología anormal (MA) y la integridad funcional de membrana (HOS) de los espermatozoides, mediante el sistema computarizado SCA®, el ensayo fluorescente SYBR14/IP, la tinción con eosina-nigrosina y la prueba hipoosmótica, respectivamente. Se ajustaron modelos mixtos y se realizó un análisis de correlación de Pearson entre los componentes del plasma seminal y la calidad espermática. Se encontró que un nivel alto de VC, VE, PT y ácido esteárico (C18:0) tuvo un efecto deletéreo sobre la calidad del semen criopreservado (P≤0.05). Mientras que un nivel bajo de PT y C18:0, y un nivel medio de VE y VC presentaron resultados post-descongelación superiores para la movilidad y la integridad de membrana (P≤0.05). Se hallaron coeficientes de correlación negativos de VC, VE, PT y C18:0 con diferentes parámetros de calidad seminal post-descongelación. Se concluye que la composición del plasma seminal suplementado para la congelación de semen de asno, influye en la calidad espermática post-descongelación.


Palabras clave


Criopreservación; Semen de asno; Lípidos; Proteínas; Vitaminas.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22319/rmcp.v8i3.4499

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