Potential economic impact assessment for cattle parasites in Mexico. Review

Roger Iván Rodríguez-Vivas, Laerte Grisi, Adalberto Angel Pérez de León, Humberto Silva Villela, Juan Felipe de Jesús Torres-Acosta, Hugo Fragoso Sánchez, Dora Romero Salas, Rodrigo Rosario Cruz, Fabián Saldierna, Dionisio García Carrasco

Resumen


Here, economic losses caused by cattle parasites in Mexico were estimated on an annual basis. The main factors taken into consideration for this assessment included the total number of animals at risk, potential detrimental effects of parasitism on milk production or weight gain, and records of condemnation on livestock byproducts. Estimates in US dollars (US$) were based on reported yield losses in untreated animals. These estimates reflect the major effects on cattle productivity of six parasites, or parasite group. The potential economic impact (US$ millions) was: gastrointestinal nematodes US$ 445.10; coccidia (Eimeria spp.) US$ 23.78; liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) US$ 130.91; cattle tick (Rhipicephalus microplus) US$ 573.61; horn fly (Haematobia irritans) US$ 231.67; and stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans) US$ 6.79. Overall, the yearly economic loss due to the six major parasites of cattle in Mexico was estimated to be US$ 1.41 billion. Considering that the national cattle herd registered in 2013 included 32.40 million head, the estimated yearly loss per head was US$ 43.57. The limitations of some of the baseline studies used to develop these estimates, particularly when extrapolated from local situations to a national scale, are acknowledged. However, the general picture obtained from the present effort demonstrates the magnitude and importance of cattle parasitism in Mexico and the challenges to maximize profitability by the livestock industry without adapting sustainable and integrated parasite control strategies.

Palabras clave


Potential economic impact; Bovines; Endoparasites; Ectoparasites; México.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22319/rmcpv%254305

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Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias
CENID-Microbiología Animal, Km. 15.5 Carretera México-Toluca, Colonia Palo Alto
México, D.F. C.P. 05110
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